Currently the exact cause for Age Related Macular Degeneration is not known. Some things that are thought to increase your chances of developing AMD:
Dry AMD is the most common type and usually develops very slowly resulting in gradual deterioration in your central vision. At its worst, dry AMD causes a blank patch in the centre of your vision.
Wet AMD develops quickly and affects 10-15% of people with AMD. It occurs when the macular cells stop working correctly and blood vessels grow to try and fix the problem. They grow in the wrong place causing swelling and bleeding underneath your macula, eventually leading to scarring which damages your central vision. Treatment is now available for certain types of wet AMD.
The macular pigments help protect the eye from damage and act as antioxidants. Studies show that if the density of these pigments is reduced then the macula is more vulnerable to damage and deterioration. The greater the concentration of key pigments at your macular, the more protected the macular from degenerative changes over time.
Macular Pigment Optical Density (MPOD) is a device we use at Earlam and Christopher which can actually measure the amount of healthy protective pigments at your macula. By detecting if you have low levels of pigment, action can be taken to increase the pigment density and help reduce the risk of damage to your eyes or even long-term vision loss.
If you are identified as being “at risk” we will advise on various lifestyle factors that may reduce the risk of developing AMD, including smoking, diet, general health and UV protection. Simply contact us for an eye examination.
Clinical trials have shown that suitable nutritional supplementation and an improvement in diet can improve the levels of the vital macula pigments in certain cases.
If supplements are advised, we may also recommend regular MPOD screening to monitor the progress of your macula pigment levels in order to monitor and potentially help protect your eyes.
Regular MPOD scans can be coupled with a monthly supply of supplements in our Total Care Plan direct debit option.Make an Appointment